The new Archimedes screw installed by ECS Engineering Services measured 20 m in length and 3.1 m in diameter and weighed 21 tonnes with a 3645 litres per second capacity.
The new Archimedes screw installed by ECS Engineering Services measured 20 m in length and 3.1 m in diameter and weighed 21 tonnes with a 3645 litres per second capacity.
With the screw pump now refurbished Wessex Water’s Avonmouth wastewater recycling, bioresources and renewable energy park is set to continue serving its local population well into the future.
With the screw pump now refurbished Wessex Water’s Avonmouth wastewater recycling, bioresources and renewable energy park is set to continue serving its local population well into the future.

When a UK wastewater works needed an Archimedes screw pump replaced, ECS Engineering Services was asked to perform the work, but retain the existing motor and gearbox. Although tricky, 20 years of experience and detailed planning ensured a successful outcome.

Wessex Water’s Avonmouth wastewater recycling, bioresources and renewable energy park is set to serve its 1,000,000+ population for decades to come following a major overhaul to its inlet pumping station, which is one of the largest of its kind in the UK.

The works have been in operation for about 40 years, and the two Archimedes screws at the inlet works have proven the durability of this pump type. These essential pieces of plant each measure 20 m in length, 3.1 m in diameter and weigh 21 tonnes with a 3645 litres per second capacity. However, after 40 years of service, one had become so worn that ECS Engineering Services was asked for proposals to replace it.

An inspection showed that the drive gear was still in good condition, but the screw body was heavily worn, so ECS developed a plan that retained the motor and the gearbox while the time-expired parts were replaced.

High performance
A replacement screw body was made in Holland by partner company Landustrie working to a design that followed that of the original screw. On this occasion Landustrie had to make the screw as a mirror image of their usual practice because the Avonmouth screw rotates in the opposite direction to the Landustrie standard, this allowed it to be utilised with the existing drive train.

Made in mild steel, it has a high-performance corrosion-resistant coating that will give it a working life measured in decades in line with the WIMES specification. Once the fabrication was complete, ECS organised specialist shipping to get it to the site.

“As part of this contract, we also made new side profiles,” says Jake Laughton, who managed the project for ECS. “The replacement pump bodies were almost identical to the original design, but we used finite element analysis techniques to optimise them for withstanding the pumping pressure based on new standards.”

Reuse
While the top bearing was in good condition and could be reused, the bottom bearing needed replacement. ECS installed a free issued bottom bearing that matched the other screw pump at the inlet, thus minimising parts inventory for the works and minimising financial impact to the client. The first stage in refurbishing the pump was to drain down the pump and remove the old screw. 

Mr Laughton recalls: “We had to make and fit a special stanking plate to the penstock before we could start the drainage to ensure protection of the works. We needed a crane for removing the old screw and fitting the new one so this was also used for installing the plate for the client.” 

Mr Laughton, like many other ECS employees, is a qualified crane appointed person, this allows ECS to plan and undertake crane operations quickly, efficiently and safely without having to bring in outside contractors and keeping costs to a minimum.

Quickly and safely
With the old screw removed it was time to break up and remove the old screed. For this ECS used a remote-controlled, robotic breaker so that the task was completed quickly and safely. 

The new screw then had to be lifted into place. This, due to the size of the screw, required some detailed planning and the application of significant expertise. It was not possible to lift the screw off the ground with it slung at the correct angle for installation; the weight would have caused significant damage to the flights. 

To overcome this problem, ECS used an air-powered hoist that allowed the screw to be lifted parallel to the ground and then the angle adjusted by lengthening one hoist chain until the angle matched the concrete trough. Once aligned, it was connected up to the existing drive motor and gearbox and finally, the bearing was cast in and new screed hand formed into the trough.

Mr Laughton again: “By reusing the existing motor and gearbox, which are in good condition ECS has brought this pumping station back up to a level of reliable operation, while keeping the client’s expenditure under close control.”

With the screw pump now refurbished Wessex Water’s Avonmouth wastewater recycling, bioresources and renewable energy park is set to continue serving its local population well into the future.